The purpose of the study was to investigate the relationship between corneal deformation amplitude (DA), which is the amount of corneal displacement at highest degree of concavity measured by Corvis Scheimpflug Technology (ST), and various optic nerve head parameters in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG).
Fifty-eight POAG patients were included in this observational study. For each patient, DA with Corvis ST, color optic disc photography, and optic nerve head imaging by enhanced depth imaging with a Heidelberg spectralis optical coherence tomography (OCT), Cirrus OCT, and Heidelberg retina tomograph (HRT) were obtained. Pearson correlation was used to analyze the relationship between DA and optic nerve head parameters before and after adjusting for age, intraocular pressure, central corneal thickness, and axial length.
Corneal DA was negatively associated with lamina cribrosa (LC) depth (r = −0.390, P = .003) after adjusting for confounders. It showed positive relationship with parapapillary atrophy (PPA) area (r = 0.321, P = .046). In addition, the corneal DA was negatively correlated with cup volume (r = −0.351, P = .017) and mean cup depth (r = −0.409, P = .005) measured by HRT.
Corneal DA is related with optic nerve head parameters in patients with POAG. Patients with lower corneal DA showed greater LC depth, greater cup area, deeper cup, and smaller PPA than those with higher corneal DA.